Health & Safety

Fire Evacuation Floor Plan:

We have created a Fire Evacuation Floor Plan of our nursery. Its purpose is to serve as a reference for any fire safety-related procedures. This floor plan will be also posted in all rooms (e.g. office, program rooms, staff room) to ensure that all staff, students, volunteers, and visitors can quickly access this information in the event of a fire.

The Fire Evacuation Floor Plan will show the layout of our Nursery. This floor plan also highlights all the fire-safety features that are available at the center, including the following:

  • Fire Alarm Pull Station:
  • Fire extinguishers:
  • Smoke detectors:
  • Fire exits:
  • Fire bell

Below is the KinderCare nursery fire evacuation floor plan:

The fire evacuation procedure is an important part of our Fire Safety Plan or Manual. It describes staff responsibilities, as well as the procedure that needs to be followed in the event of a fire occurring on the premises. The following points were considered when creating your fire evacuation procedure:

Ensure that activating the fire alarm is part of the fire evacuation procedure.
Specify any rules (e.g. no running) when evacuating the premises.
Indicate instructions in the event any of the designated fire exits are blocked.
Ensure that staff takes attendance once the premises are completely evacuated.

Fire Safety Equipment Maintenance:

Continuing the discussions from the previous sections, our Fire Safety Plan or Manual will also include maintenance duties conducted on fire safety equipment. By regularly checking the conditions of our nursery’s fire safety equipment, we ensure that all equipment (e.g. fire extinguishers or Smoke detectors) will function properly in the event that they are used during a fire.

We ensure to include fire safety equipment maintenance schedules in our Fire Safety Plan or Manual. Also, ensure that we create a form to record checks done on fire safety equipment.

Emergency Contacts:

As part of managing the safety aspects of our Nursery, we created and posted an Emergency Information Plan in every room where staff work. This allows staff to quickly call agencies during emergencies. The posting should include the contact information (e.g. telephone number) of the following agencies, individuals, and/or organizations:
Fire Department
Local Health Department – for outbreaks
Local Children’s Aid Center
Local Licensing Office

Children and Staff Emergency Information:

We have created an Emergency Binder containing all of our staff and children’s emergency contact information. Creating an emergency binder provides the following benefits: (1) It allows us to locate emergency information quickly in one place during emergencies, and (2) it provides a portable way to carry all our emergency information easily during field trips.

Equipment and Play Areas:

In our nursery setting, every staff has the responsibility to keep equipment and play areas free from danger and hazards for children to play. Unnecessary accidents and injuries are avoided when all areas in the day-care are diligently checked for potential dangers.

We have ensured that our safety policies and procedures include safety practices that our staff can follow to maintain a safe environment at all times. Here are some examples:

Staff Responsibilities – Indoors:

Equipment and furnishings are maintained in a safe and clean condition and kept in a good state of repair.
An early morning visual inspection should be conducted by the first person to staff a room or during staff, changes to ensure that it is hazard-free (e.g. uncovered outlets and leaks that could endanger the staff or children).
Toys should be put away, not left on the floor. Toys and equipment should be carefully maintained to eliminate any hazards in their use.
Hot liquids and medication boxes kept well away from children and play areas.
Tables and craft areas cleaned regularly.
The children should be directly involved in tidying up toys and clutter. They should be taught to put their toys away before moving on to another toy or activity.
Refer to the Fire Safety Plan section for daily visual inspection of fire alarm equipment.

Staff Responsibilities – Playground (Where applicable):

A daily playground checklist should be completed for playgrounds. This checklist must cover all aspects of safety regarding playgrounds. Furthermore, the checklist must be completed prior to any child entering the location. This is to ensure that the playground is safe for play, and devoid of any hazardous waste/materials – e.g. fees, damaged equipment, broken glass, ropes, syringes, etc.
Gates to the playground area must be closed at all times, and the closing mechanisms shall be childproof.
The safety surface under equipment (if it is an aggregate) should be loose and not compacted. Otherwise, a rake must be employed to loosen the surface.
Sandboxes if available are covered when not in use.
All hazardous situations should be reported to the director or supervisor as soon as they are noticed – and suspend outdoor play until the hazardous situation is resolved.
Any accidents that occur in the playground should be tracked in a playground accident log form. Tracking playground accidents allows you and your staff to review previous accidents and ensure that a recurrence of the same accident is avoided.

Staff Responsibilities – Outdoor Trips:

When making trips to outdoor parks or recreation areas, staff should employ the same approach and diligence as is done daily in the center when inspecting the playground. You should use the same daily playground checklist to clear-off or move to an area that is hazard-free during the outdoor trip. During the trip, staff should also bring a mobile first-aid kit, attendance sheets, and a copy of the emergency contact information for children and parents.